【 Focus on fire safety 】 11,634 people have been killed in residential fires nationwide in the past 10 years


A few days ago, the Ministry of Emergency Management fire rescue bureau released the national residential fire situation in the past 10 years.According to statistics, from 2012 to 2021, 1,324,000 residential fires occurred across the country, causing 11,634 deaths, 6,738 injuries and a direct property loss of 7.77 billion yuan.Among them, 429 major fires killed 1,579 people and injured 329.Two major fires killed 26 people;There were no major fires.In terms of the causes of fire, 42.7 percent were caused by electrical fire, 29.8 percent by careless use of fire, 4.6 percent by smoking, 1.9 percent by playing with fire, 1.8 percent by spontaneous combustion, 1.3 percent by arson, and 17.9 percent by other causes.In terms of regional distribution, 50.5% were from urban areas, 33.1% from urban areas and 17.4% from county areas.47.9% in rural areas, 14.8% in market towns and 33.1% in rural areas.Other regions account for 1.5%.In terms of the age distribution of the deaths, 43.4% were over 60 years old, 39.4% were between 19 and 59 years old, 16.6% were under 18 years old, and 0.6% were unknown.In terms of education level of the deaths, 44.4% had primary education, 35.3% had no education, 15.8% had secondary education, 3.9% had higher education, and 0.7% had other education level not specified.In terms of the time period of fire occurrence, fire was found late, reported late, and people did not escape in time. From 8 p.m. to 6 p.m. the next day, fire occurred in residential places accounted for 28.6% of the total number of fire in residential places, but the number of deaths accounted for 55.4%, the number of injuries accounted for 50.4%, the death rate of fire at night was nearly twice that of the daytime.From the perspective of seasonal distribution, winter and spring temperatures are relatively low, wind is strong and dry, and there are traditional festivals such as Spring Festival, Lantern Festival and Qingming Festival. Fire consumes a lot of electricity, and the fire risk is high.In the past decade, 752,000 residential fires occurred in winter and spring, killing 7,410 people, accounting for 56.9 percent and 63.7 percent of the total, respectively.Starting in 2021, the fire and Rescue Bureau launched a new statistical system and added the classification of self-built homes. In the same year, 259,000 residential fires occurred, causing 1,460 deaths, 1,172 injuries and a direct property loss of 1.39 billion yuan.Among them, 156,000 were self-built homes, resulting in 848 deaths, accounting for 60.5 percent and 58.1 percent of all residential places.There were 99,000 cases of non-self-built houses, resulting in 591 deaths, accounting for 38.3% and 40.5% of the total number of residential places, respectively.In addition, 21 people died in 3,212 fires in employee dormitories, accounting for 1.2 percent and 1.4 percent of the total number of residential places, respectively.China Fire Protection

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