Not all of the 100 million lost people were directly slaughtered by the Manchu Qing Dynasty.But even if they were not slaughtered directly by the Manchu, most of the deaths of the population were related to the Manchu.I saw the population data from Ming Lu in the comments, indicating that the population was only over 60 million.Er…Anyone with the most basic knowledge of Ming history knows that the Ming population figures are very distorted.Apart from the fact that the Ming dynasty had a population of 70 million when it was founded, why did the population shrink so much after more than 200 years of peace without national wars?Local officials turned a blind eye to the Ming dynasty’s habit of hiding people, and even many yellow books compiled data up to the 21st year of chongzhen.Such data are naturally very distorted.As for the population at the end of the Ming Dynasty, many historians estimated that it was between 120 million and 190 million, while the difference was between 60 million and 120 million compared with the population at the beginning of the Qing Dynasty. Therefore, it is not a big problem to reduce the population by 100 million.2. Every time a nationwide peasant uprising broke out in China, such as the Green Forest, red Mei, yellow turban and the end of sui Dynasty, the population would shrink substantially, reaching one-third or even half of the total population. However, most of the population decrease was not directly caused by massacres, but by famine and plague caused by wars.During The Three Kingdoms period, for example, the population was about half of that before the Yellow Turban Uprising in the late Eastern Han Dynasty.However, after the Red Cliff War, the situation of the three countries began to emerge. Even though there were still high-intensity wars among the three countries, the population of the three countries increased compared with that of the Red Cliff War.Therefore, the population decline was mainly concentrated in the late Eastern Han dynasty when dozens of vassals were fighting each other. The large-scale famine and disease brought about by this period were the main culprits of the population decline.The same applies to the late Ming Dynasty.Zhang Xianzhong, Li Zicheng and the Ming Army also killed many people.That’s true, but that’s no excuse for a clean SLATE!(1) The slaughter of the peasant rebels and the Ming army was not on the same level as that of the Manchu Dynasty.The main reason why the peasant rebels and The Ming army slaughtered the city was to loot and plunder. In this case, many people would escape, which was essentially different from the Manchu Killing for deterrence, and the number of killings was naturally not as high as that of the Manchu.Moreover, although the killing of civilians was not uncommon in the peasant insurrections and the Ming armies, it was always carried out under the orders of the generals.As for the Manchu Dynasty, the old slave period began to slaughter the city is inspired by the supreme ruler.Manchu massacre in many places, not simple looting, but planned systematic killing, gate block, clear division of labor, demarcated area, basically if he wanted to kill all the population of a city, there would be few survivors.Peasant rebel army (2) the late Ming dynasty and the Ming army device are mainly concentrated in the three provinces, henan, shaanxi, shanxi caused by famine, disease, once let the three provinces population has fallen sharply (of course including the neighboring anhui and hubei provinces of individual states), and by the end of the uprising, with the completion of the article analyzes and yellow tiger regime construction, strengthening of local control,Large-scale famines and plagues have been less common in the New Territories occupied by peasant armies.However, the slaughter of Manchu Qing, from liaodong to Jiangnan, northwest and Lingnan, followed by famine and plague, although not necessarily as severe as henan in the early Chongzhen years, but affected areas are definitely several times as many as chongzhen years, resulting in indirect deaths of several times the population.Ps. What about the enclosure of land in Hebei region and the relocation order in the southeast coast? Although not many people were killed directly, how many innocent people lost their ancestral homes and lost their lives?PPS. Many people equate the Qing dynasty with the Manchu?That tens of thousands of Manchus killed tens of millions of Han?Such people are either stupid or bad.The Manchu Qing was a military group consisting of the eight banners of The Manchu nationality, the eight banners of Mongolia and the eight banners of the Han Army, rather than a simple ethnic group. After entering the Pass, it bound many Ming troops to surrender, which was also the green battalions of the later generations. At this time, the Manchu Qing was not just a hundred thousand people, but a huge military group with a subordinate military force of one million levels.As for the green battalion massacre can not be counted as manqing head?Of course, when they were soldiers of the Ming Dynasty, they might slaughter a village or a liang, but not a whole city.If the green battalion has problems, it does not mean that the Manchu government supervising them has no problems.The Indian army under the Command of the British could match the Japanese army 50-50 and be defeated in 62 years.Two years ago it was a weak KMT ragtag, two years later it was going head-to-head with the AMERICANS in Korea.Ultimately, it comes down to leadership.